Recently, a series of events have combined to bring the 5G industry to the forefront, making it a hot topic of interest for people in all fields.
Ma Huateng, Chairman of the Board and CEO of Tencent, attended the event and said that in the past 2G, 3G and 4G were more developed in the field of consumer Internet, 5G will not only serve the consumer Internet, but also bring more power to the industrial Internet, so 5G will unveil the curtain of the next step of our future industrial Internet development.
5Gtogether with Industrial Internet What are the substantive links between？ And what beneficial combination will they produce？ This article will give certain interpretations。
Establishment of global communication standards
5G sets the stage for the Internet of Everything
Trace the development of mobile communication technology, in fact, from 1G to 4G of the first four generations of mobile communication technology changes, its main solution is to achieve more text, data, pictures, audio and video content transmission problems. But one of the most significant issues that none of them have addressed is standards harmonization, and even the most widely used 4G networks today have the limitation of too much global usage to support IoT transmissions due to too much global usage.
The fundamental starting point of IoT is to build a comprehensive network ecology with comprehensive sensing, timely response and dynamic link between people and people, people and things, and things in a specific area. Up to the level of society as a whole, to realize the true social level of the Internet of Everything, it requires the participation and synergy between many industries and many groups in different industrial segments.
However, in this process, due to the inconsistency of technical standards, each enterprise adopted different technical combinations in the early development process in combination with its own situation, which led to the difficulty of achieving effective compatibility between each enterprise's own data and other outside enterprises, which further led to the difficulty of effective use of enterprise data by the outside world and the formation of large data silos.
At a societal level as a whole, the creation of data silos has led to an inability to effectively produce collaboration between numerous enterprises within the same industry in the first place, and a cross-domain data divide is even more prevalent between different industries. The lack of technical standards makes it difficult to share data within the same industry and even more difficult across domains, coupled with various external human, natural and other related elements interfering. This directly leads to inefficiencies in the production chain of the whole society as well as difficulties in producing the desired results.
From the first generation to the fourth generation of mobile communication network technology, each generation of technology development has not solved the problem of technical standards, only to the birth of the fifth generation of mobile communication network (5G), the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) in the 5G technology in the global technical standards development process to attract more countries and institutions to participate in the development of the maximum degree to complete the global mobile communication technology standards together. So to a certain extent, 5G technology solves the problem of global technical standards harmonization and lays the foundation for the development of the Internet of Everything.
It should be noted that building on previous generations of mobile communication technology, 5G technology not only solves the problem of global harmonization of technical standards, but also introduces a completely new change to the overall communication network architecture. Compared to the 4G network architecture in which more hardware devices are used, in order to meet the needs of a wide variety of computing in IoT networks, 5G technology will make more use of software technologies such as clouding and network virtualization, further meeting the needs of IoT technology for massive data computing and processing. In addition, the ultra-high speed, high reliability and low latency features of 5G technology also lay a good foundation for its development in the direction of IoT.
Actually, it's the Internet of Things that's in question
Previously, Deng Feng, Managing Director of Northern Light Ventures, had compared the "Industrial Internet" with the "Internet+" concept, which had been mentioned most often earlier. It believes that "industrial Internet" is actually the same concept as "Internet+", which is a process of Internetization of the real economy. Regardless of the analogy, the industrial Internet is going to be Internet-enabled for traditional industry. And the process of Interneting the traditional economy is actually the process of the Internet of Things. That means the Industrial Internet is the Internet of Things, or more precisely, the Internet of Things to B.
Industrial Internet In essence, the digitization of the industry， and networking after digitization， And with the connectivity of data、 Aggregative value creation。 In the specific digitization process， Data are often collected by human means with a high degree of variability and uncertainty.， So in order to unify and standardize the management， Most of the existing approaches are to deploy sensors through multiple nodes、 Equipment such as data collectors， Further effective data capture。 which， The concept of the Internet of Things was then naturally introduced into。
On the one hand, data is collected through data collection gear scattered in different nodes, which is later aggregated and uploaded to the cloud to allow users of different priorities to view and use it in an open or permission-banned manner.
On the other hand, these data-capable devices also have the ability to serve specific user needs with the ability to receive and execute new tasks through cloud-based commands. When multiple such platforms with powerful data machine-based collection, data sharing and task execution are aggregated together, a vast network is formed, which also constitutes the Internet of Everything in a broad sense.
So it can also be said that the Internetization of the physical industry is actually the title of the Internet of Things.
5G+ Industrial Internet
What beneficial combination will result?
Compared to the consumer Internet， Industrial Internet There is a very big business opportunity。 We can look at the number of connections to both physical devices andapp Some glimpses into demand。
The relevant data indicate that， The consumer Internet is connected primarily to people andPC、 Mobile phones and other terminals， Its number of connections is approximately35 billion， but (not) Industrial Internet The connected objects then include people、 installations、 (computer) software、 plants、 products， and the various elements， Its potential number of connections could reach tens of billions。 And fromapp In terms of the number of， The entire existing consumer internetapp Only a few million.， And it is estimated that， In the industrial sector only， Industrial Internet neededapp The number is about6000 ten thousand。
In addition, the industrial Internet is more significant than the consumer Internet in terms of its contribution to national economic development.
The consumer Internet is primarily about connecting consumers， Helping to better sell and distribute established products。 Although it can also have a catalytic effect on production， But overall this impact remains indirect、 restricted。 in contrast， Industrial Internet The impact on production is more immediate， It's also more obvious。
By leveraging the Internet and applying technologies such as big data, cloud computing and artificial intelligence to upgrade and transform traditional industries, it is possible to achieve a C2B or C2F model of manufacturing that allows enterprises to better design products that meet consumer demand, organize production more effectively, and realize product logistics and sales more quickly, optimizing organizational structures and improving production efficiency as a whole. This is of great importance in promoting the conversion of old and new dynamics, optimizing and upgrading industries, and enhancing the international competitiveness of industries.
In the development of the consumer Internet gradually shifting to the industrial Internet, the unprecedented business prospects as well as social significance of the industrial Internet have successfully attracted giants in the field of consumer Internet like Tencent to take heavy positions. The series of domestic actions that have been taking place since recent days have also managed to push the 5G concept to the forefront of industrial development. 5G technology has been designed and developed to lay a solid foundation for the development of IoT technology, and as an emerging technology trend analogous to the Internet of Things, the Industrial Internet deserves the common attention of all industry players.