Japan Liaison for the Journal's International Correspondence Station
Hebei Normal University of Science and Technology
Urban Construction Institute
In order to cope with the shortage of truck drivers caused by Japan's ageing population and the growing number of children, and to improve the efficiency and safety of cargo transportation, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism intends to carry out experiments in 2018 with a subsequent manned truck queue based on the Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (CACC) system (except for the head truck, which is manned, all subsequent vehicles in the queue are unmanned, and only one person is assigned to handle emergencies), and in 2020 with a subsequent unmanned truck queue (except for the head truck, all subsequent vehicles in the queue are unmanned, and no person is assigned to handle emergencies), and in 2022 to enter full commercial operation. CACC means that the rear vehicle can perform its own acceleration and deceleration to maintain a safe distance depending on the driving conditions of the vehicle in front. Under this plan, Japan's Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) conducted the world's first experiment of subsequent manned truck queue driving based on the CACC system between the Hamamatsu service area and the temporary parking lot in Morimachi, Farshu, on the New Tomei Expressway on January 23, 2018.