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Ni Minjing: Shanghai education faces three major leaps

At this council meeting, Yin Houqing, President of the Shanghai Education Society, gave the annual work report and annual financial report of the Society; while Ni Minjing, Deputy Director of the Shanghai Municipal Education Commission, gave a report entitled "Shanghai Education Faces New Leap Forward".

In the report, Ni Minjing from Artificial Intelligence, Made a human“ From classical learning into Super Learning” particulars, and from there: Shanghai education faces "three leaps"

"Education First" was authorized to compile the presentation based on the content.


Artificial intelligence ends the demographic dividend phase

Starting to enter the talent dividend phase

The term "artificial intelligence" was coined in the 1950s.

In the summer of 1956, a group of visionary young scientists, led by McCarthy, Minsky, Rochester and Shenon, met together to study and discuss a series of problems related to the simulation of intelligence by machines, and first introduced the term "artificial intelligence", which marked the formal birth of the emerging discipline of "artificial intelligence".

Today, these lads have become droopy old men.

The subsequent course of AI has had its ups and downs. The first major climax came in 1997, when the computer Deep Blue defeated humans, and humans have not beaten AI in chess since.

By 2016, there was a new AI explosion, mainly due to AlphGo's victory over one of the best human players in Go, Lee Se-dol. Behind this victory are many new breakthroughs in AI technology. One is new algorithms, and the other is cloud technology.

In terms of cloud technology, AlphaGo beat Lee Seok with a cluster of servers. With cloud technology, 250,000 servers can think collaboratively, whereas the human brain is not interconnected right now. Because of the large number of servers used, it costs $3,000 in electricity for the AI to play this one game of Go.

In terms of new algorithms, there has been a big explosion of artificial intelligence. For example, image recognition technology in artificial intelligence can already distinguish animals like "dogs". You know, pictures of dogs come in all shapes, colors, and breeds, and it used to be very difficult for AI to be able to tell "this is a dog".

Artificial intelligence has also made many widely known advances. For example, there are now "headline bots" that can write stories and novels.

There's also artificial intelligence that can write poetry. This is a poem composed by an artificial intelligence.

This is a robot that was exhibited in London last October that was made by the Japanese. Maybe it won't be long before AI can replace human girlfriends.

Of course, outside of AI, other information technologies are evolving as well. For example, electronic printing technology and digital publishing distribution may allow books to become an art craft in the future.

It can be said that today, with the advancement of technology, mankind has entered an "age of affluence" with great material abundance, great information, great knowledge and great opportunities. The biggest impact of AI on education, however, is thatArtificial intelligence has really ended the demographic dividend phase and started to enter the talent dividend phase.


From Classical Learning to Super Learning

From a learning perspective, history can be divided into several stages.

Stage 0 is the stage before the beginning of civilization, that is, before there was writing.

With the written word came the beginning of real education, the first stage: for a long time it was mainly teacher-apprentice education. This stage spans the long period from hunting and gathering to domesticated planting societies, in which education is like agriculture, finely cultivated and circumscribed.

The second phase began about 400 years ago with the Industrial Revolution and corresponds to the era from agricultural production to mass mechanized production. A finer and more specialized division of labor in society corresponds to a move from ultra-elite, individualized education to education for the masses. Education at this time was a bit like an industrial assembly line, uniform and scaled up.

The third phase, probably the last 40 years, corresponds to the move from the industrial society to the information society, with the rapid flow of people and information. In contrast, education enters a phase of blended learning, which is constantly upgraded like software.

From Industry

While education has been changing with society, the learning so far has been classical learning. "Classical learning" means that knowledge is stored in the brain through normal channels and natural methods during the learning process.

Next, AI will take our learning to the fourth stage, which is " Super Learning "Phase.

(“ First Education” Previously, a special push was made to Ni Minjing on“ From Classical Learning to Super Learning” The content of the presentations, Click here to review, which explains in detail Super Learning The four characteristics of。—— Editor's Note)


Shanghai education, calling for a new leap forward

We are about to enter a smart society. Technology has brought great convenience to humans, and AI has even been able to control human arms by stimulating the human brain. However, at the same time, we must be wary of falling into the predicament of a "high-tech era and a low-intelligence society".

(On the topic of "Low IQ Society in the Age of High Technology", Education First has previously published a keynote speech by Director Ni Minjing at the 4th China Future Schools Conference hosted by the China Academy of Education Sciences. -- (Editor's note)

In a smart society, the knowledge tools and qualities we need most have changed, and much of this knowledge and literacy is a relatively neglected component of our current basic education.

For example, knowledge of matrices, convolution, calculus, topology, etc., are all very important in AI, but are not heavily covered in our current learning content.

Einstein had a saying that we can't solve a problem by thinking at the same level as we did when we created it. So Shanghai education needs to call for a new leap forward.

Based on this, there are three very important judgments.

One, the problem of education is never a technical one, but a matter of value judgments.

Second, there will not be just one future, and the best option should be to encourage a diversity of practices in schools.

Third, the main problem with Shanghai education at the moment is not the issue of balance and burden, but how to cross the stage we are at.

Specifically, there should be three leaps in Shanghai education.

The first is process re-engineering of the whole process of education and teaching, or what is called education BIM technology.

BIM technology is a term used in construction to provide a reliable basis for all decisions throughout the life cycle of a building, from design and construction to use. Education BIM technology, on the other hand, refers to the process re-engineering of the whole process of education and teaching, from the determination of educational objectives to the final evaluation.

The second is the forging of an educational paradigm that integrates traditional Chinese culture and human science and humanities classics.

The basic framework of the previous educational paradigm was borrowed from foreign countries, especially from the West, and our educational paradigm must be adapted to our own culture, therefore, a new educational paradigm based on traditional Chinese culture and gathering the classics of science, technology and humanities from all over the world should be established.

The third is a revolution in learning that combines brain science and artificial intelligence, or the "Brain Up Project".

Developments in brain science and innovations in technology will bring about very significant changes in learning.

This is perhaps the biggest challenge facing education in Shanghai. If these three major leaps are achieved, then Shanghai education will remain at the forefront of the country and the world, and many problems such as burden and school choice will be greatly alleviated.

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