1. Take notes while reading the article
The reading notebook can be categorized into different excerpts, such as progress, research methods, experimental methods, findings, etc., and can be annotated with your own comments. For the notes should be regularly summarized: summarize what has been done in the past - to have a good idea; how far has it progressed now - to know yourself and your opponent; find the strengths and weaknesses of others from it, and predict the hot spots and development direction in the future - in order to strike accurately and find your direction and goal. We have to aim to send our results to SCI, so be selective about some of the classic statements that you mark and write down. Also, there are times when thoughts that come to mind, flashing ideas, make notes to jot them down and check them out whenever you can, and you may naturally get a new perspective over time.
2. Think hard
It's not just about knowing what someone else did, but also about what they didn't do, or whether his experiments match his conclusions, whether the data are reliable, etc. Diagram the author's entire logic, pushing it out one by one, with a pick-and-choose mentality. Read the literature with a critical eye, don't worship it blindly, do some things yourself and find out it's not so much about doing it yourself as using your brain. When reading the literature you know how to focus and find ideas, mainly to learn from other people's IDEA , that is, read the literature and ask a few questions, where the technical breakthroughs of the article are. For example, a large number of patents talk about a variety of separation methods, the key is not to look at what it does first and then what it does second, but to think about what the basis of the separation method is, why people thought of this method, and whether there are other aspects of the physical properties that can be used as the basis of the separation.
Talking to more people is an excellent way to improve yourself. Talk to your mentor about your ideas and share what you each know about research advances in a particular direction in your field; talking to cows in related directions can be much more enlightening than reading the literature. Not only do you talk to the bulls in your field, but you also take the opportunity to talk to the bulls in other fields, and a word from the bulls is sometimes more than you can read in half a year's worth of books. Especially if it's a bull in another field, he might just give you a golden idea, especially in China, where bull people are generally not very conservative to outsiders. Group discussions are very essential, get a few like-minded people together, everyone has a copy of the literature, each person divides up the work of reading different literature, and then everyone sits down together, opens up in order, and discusses it with each other. Does this increase the volume of literature by the Nth power!
3. Comparative reading
Papers with opposing viewpoints can be read with reference to savor both sides of the argument. There are also other expert reviews published at the same time as the original, and reader queries after the original was published, which should be read alongside the original and compared to see where you fall short.
The most interesting thing about reading papers is finding " two drafts in one". What I mean is that quite a few authors have written different papers on the same scientific data on similar topics, or have built on the previous ones. At this point, if your subject is similar to this, your luck is on the line. This is because it is possible to compare in depth the similarities and differences between these articles to discover the different views of the authors (or scientific teams) on the same set of data, the evolution of their thinking, or to discover the "real" method that the authors intended to hide. It was after analyzing similar experiments by the same research group that I quickly identified the key reasons for my own experimental failure and successfully completed the animal model in a short time, laying the foundation for further experiments.
Those who are technical have to be good at comparing and finding out, and it is impossible to report all the main points in some highly technical literature, as it is in Chinese and as it is in English. For example, if there are many Samples in a patent, and each one has different conditions or formulations, it is important to compare several similar documents to see what they have in common, and this is still something to keep in mind in the pharmaceutical and surfactant industries.
Comprehensive reference to foreign literature. It must be clear that there are also some untrustworthy articles in the foreign literature ; Another phenomenon is that he will omit the key things about the focus, and sometimes some details he will not write. The problem is that each omits different keys and details , and you can find out from the comparison the lineage of their research and the crux of the problem.
4. Single-article reading order and focus
Order of reading the paper: 1. Abstract, citations, key information cited, background of the study; 2. Graphs and charts for key data and explanations; 3. Discussion and conclusion, linking the chart to the conclusion and judging the appropriateness of the conclusion based on the chart; and 4. Results, read the results in detail to see how the data was obtained and how it was analyzed; and 5. Materials and methods, read the materials and experimental methods in detail to see how the experiment was conducted; 6. Discussion and results to further grasp the paper, noting the discussion about how the results obtained from this paper can be interpreted from known knowledge and research. Also for the large number of diagrams in the paper, when you are able to redraw the diagram and interpret the diagram in your own words, you have shown that you have read and understood it.
The most important parts of a paper are, in order : figures, discussion, textual results, and methods. Nowadays, journals in the life sciences are very demanding in terms of graphs and charts, which must be read only to grasp the methods and results of the article, and then combined with the reader's own prior knowledge, they will probably know the implication. This is in line with the modern need to grasp the most necessary information in the shortest possible time. Therefore, after a period of work in a particular field, it is sufficient to look at the abstracts, figures and graphs of articles obtained from regular surveys, and then look at the discussion, textual results and methods for individual articles involving new methods or groundbreaking results. This also prompts us to focus on charts and their explanatory text to visualize and maximize information when writing foreign language essays.
Areas that you are familiar with: the most economical is to just read the abstract, because relying on background knowledge you can roughly outline the content of the article through the abstract, but sometimes this is not enough, and the relatively economical way is to read the abstract in detail, skim the introduction, then look at the figures in the results, and finally read the discussion section that interests you. But if the article makes sense to you, it's time to read through the whole thing.
For example, in the topic search phase, the focus is on reading the discussion and conclusions and outlook; in the topic design phase, the main focus is on materials and methods. If you just need to get a feel for the idea of the study, you can select the abstract and the citations and conclusions for a general reading. My personal experience is to try to grasp the authors' research ideas, followed by learning their analytical approach, and finally learning writing techniques, writing language format, etc.
The discussion section of the article is really important, and if you have a little more time, it is recommended to study and imitate the discussion section of the paper of the cowboy. Different people may see and analyze the same data differently, and the trend analysis of the charts and the combination of arguments are all very much a part of the meritocracy. Our boss often says: if a certain SCI-level article is written by us rookies, it may be very difficult to send the domestic core.
I think the most important thing is to understand the essence of the discussion, which is the key part of the author's idea innovativeness and the comparison with the old experimental results, which can show the author's thinking in designing this experiment, and after making the comparison, it will be very enlightening for your own topic.
In addition to the content of the article, but also to learn the method and format of other people's writing, such as the same point of view, others may be expressed very authentic, the same a chart, others do a beautiful, especially foreigners' articles. So for foreigners to submit a manuscript, people's comments require that the text is easy to understand, with a certain degree of popular science, even if people who are not specialized in this field, can also generally understand; then also requires more simple sentences, can use simple sentences to explain the problem, do not use compound sentences, in the same sentence, it is best not to let the same word or phrase repeatedly appear ..... The last point I would like to make is that paying attention to the mutual proof of Chinese and foreign languages, paying attention to the translation of some specialized vocabulary, and paying attention to the appropriate and concise use of words will, over time, be of great benefit to improving your foreign language skills.
5. The importance of literature tracking
In this age of information, there are often times when your idea is not coincidental, so pay special attention to the latest trends in the field. While grasping to make yourself productive, always adjust to the possibility of " crashing" and be aware of it.The articles related to your own topic must be tracked diligently. Nowadays, foreign research is done fast and beautifully, and we can make new things with our strengths and weaknesses in mind. Get to know the institutions related to your field of study, and pay close attention to the papers published by the top groups (research groups and cattlemen) in that field of study and direction. For databases with fixed topics and terms search regularly, so as to ensure that you do not leave behind any important piece of literature, the literature should always be closely integrated with your own direction for the direction !
6. Implementation of the identified topics
Get a general direction.
Checking relevant Chinese reviews to see who or which unit is doing the content in China.
Look up foreign language reviews and compare them - after all, foreign languages may be a bit more detailed - to see what people are interested in.
Checking the more critical references, noting the authority of the journal and author, number of citations.
Re-examine the relevant full text, noting the methodology and technical lines of research and what problems exist in the discussion.
Consider what I can do and how I can do it, based on the financial and local technical resources that I can control.
Further tightening the scope, there is a framework diagram.
The framework diagram is then further checked against the original foreign language for details.
Experimental ideas should always precede experiments, and it's always right to think about everything before you do it!
More effort must be put into the design of the experimental protocol and the details of the experiments, and the most sophisticated laboratory techniques must be used. For some experiments that you have not done, you must understand the principles, and then start, do not be blind. Some experiments can be considered collaborative if you have difficulties in your own lab, because it is impossible for one person to do everything in a short time. What I've learned is that sometimes you just need to ask for advice.
Banner Knowledge, founded and operated by Banner Pro Bono.
Edited by 3 Drs. Zi Suyue, Wang Chengyu and Zhao Xuemao.
with Lian Fu Bang Bang as Executive Editor.
Over 60 undergraduates and young teachers are involved in the charity operation.
Scientific research is a beautiful adventure that
The Banner would like to be your most sincere companion on your adventures.
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