The Neuromancer, completed in 1983, was author William Gibson's science fiction debut, but it won the Hugo and Nebula Awards and became a cyberpunk icon. The Matrix does have its influences, such as thematrix, Cyberspace and other concepts, but the world structured in this novel predates The Matrix, when humans and artificial consciousness are still in the coexistence stage, and humans can wire their consciousness to the network, as well as improve and replace their organs, body parts, etc. at will, and like the movie, AI and humans are two opposing, but not completely hostile, relationships.
This story is about an AI that doesn't want to be subjected to humans and through various means assembles a small team of humans to help it unlock its hardware and eventually gain control of itself. Interestingly, the author sets up the AI in two, designed by the original human designers, whose hosts are in Brazil and Switzerland, one called Wintermute, responsible for rational functions such as memory, thinking, analysis, decision making, etc., with no personality of his own, who is the main character in the story, and it is it that forms the team to break free. The other one is called Neuromancer, the sensual part of the person in charge, which can create its own personality, and Winter Silence is designed to break free and combine with it to form a full artificial intelligence. The designers originally designed it with the expectation that the two AIs would complete their fusion after each grew up, but because humans lean in the direction of rationality in their development, they have not successfully fused over the years, a setting that is indeed very interesting and has strong references to human development, as well as being very similar to the makeup of the human mind and full of philosophical musings.
This novel by William Gibson is very difficult to read, his language is broken and jumpy, his style is cold and hard, and there are supposedly a lot of self-invented words, and the translation is not very good, so you can imagine how it feels to read it, but there is a very good summary article on Douban (https://book.douban.com/review/5888121/) that is worth reading, and the following quote from the text gives a good indication of the kind of developmental tendencies described above.
"In Tessier's vision, since the matrix itself is already a vast construct of human minds interconnected by computers and networks, the most basic materials of consciousness and personality are already in place, and the networks for integrating and communicating these scattered materials exist, it is only necessary to design two artificial intelligences for the matrix with the capacity and processing power to integrate the materials of consciousness and personality respectively, and then encode constant and primitive data and instructions in the read-only memory (ROM) inside, from which they can begin all kinds of complex analysis, judgement and evolution until each develops its own ego and seeks to unite - and thus a collective consciousness and personality is formed."
I think this story idea is good because it shows a possibility of the construction and formation process of artificial intelligence, which is a good reference for our understanding of "consciousness". The Matrix, on the other hand, tells us more about what happens when AI takes control of humans, and it got me thinking about whether AI has to be linked to "people" and whether AI is still human consciousness when it matures.
Through these two texts, I have a clearer understanding of AI, and in turn it has prompted me to think more deeply about what consciousness is.
Consciousness arises from the human body, and much of this complex mechanism of generation has been deciphered by our science; consciousness is singular, and it represents almost the entire world in one's awareness. Humans are already developing artificial intelligence, which is an imitation of the human mind, but it clearly exists independently of humans because it does not require the human body as a carrier. So, as the mimetic body of consciousness can be externalized, can't consciousness also exist apart from the human body? It reminds me of that black stone in 2001 A Space Odyssey, the source of human intelligence that made monkeys into men, what is intelligence, how did it come about, what is consciousness, where does it come from, and where do people go after they die?